In this article the procedure to wear Ihram and to perform all the rites of Umrah are presented in a simplified way.
When pilgrim pronounces the Niyyah (intention) of performing Hajj and Umrah and utters Talbiyah, certain halal (permissible) things become haraam for him. This combined action of Niyyah (intention) and Talbiyah is called Ihram. The two sheets that a pilgrim wears are figuratively well-known as Ihram but the real Ihram is Niyyah and Talbiyah. Cleanliness is suggested before putting on the garments of ihram. It is recommended that you clip toe and finger nails, shave off armpit and pubic hair, comb the beard and hair, trim the moustache, bath (perform ghusl) or if not make wuzu'. For men, the garments of ihram comprise two sheets of cloth. One sheet is wrapped round the upper part of the body except the head. The other one is wrapped round the lower part of the body. You can fix this piece by using a belt, a money belt, or a pin.
Comb your hair, shape the beard, trim your moustache, cut your hand and foot nails, and remove all unwanted body hair.
Take a bath with the intention (niyyat) of Ihram or else do wuzu. Here it is noted that there are 2 ways of purification:
Men must wear a sheet of white cloth around the waist and cover the upper part of the body with the other sheet. Women's normal garments are their Ihram but she should have to wear loose clothing and do not cover her hand and face. Both should wear the flip-flops (hawaii chappal) so that the centre bones of the upper part of the feet are not covered.
If it is not makruh or zawaal (undesirable) time, offer 2 rakahs of nafil for Ihram by covering your heads.